In the last 60 years, every form of political/economic system that could be devised by the mind of man has been tried.
The evidence is now in – free market democratic capitalism works far better than other system ever devised.
1. Establish the Rule of Law
Without the rule of law, economic freedom, personal liberty, and civil society are restricted, which increases economic risk thus reducing the potential for economic growth.
2. Protect Private Property
Private property is the foundation of wealth. If private property is not well protected, the incentives to work, save, and invest will be greatly diminished. Historically, people obtained private property by either buying or improving land and structures which added value. In the modern world, property is often intangible, resulting from the creation of such things as new art, music, literature, computer software, new pharmaceuticals, and other technologies. Those who create intangible property have the same right to full protection as farmers and homeowners do with their real property.
3. Remove All Price Controls
Prices are information. They allocate scarce resources and motivate future production of those resources. Price controls eliminate the information that is necessary for rational economic decision making. Free markets, where prices are determined by supply and demand and where there are few restrictions on the buying and selling of goods and services, are in almost all cases superior – in terms of economic efficiency, resource distribution, and liberty – to any form of “managed” markets.
4. Establish Free Trade
Free trade among nations raises the level of economic well-being in all countries involved by improving the allocation of resources (comparative advantage) and increasing the extent of the market, thus lowering costs.
Countries with few trade barriers tend to grow faster and have higher income levels than those with more restricted trade practices and higher tariffs.
5. Limit Government Spending
Government spending, where the costs exceed the benefits, and the cost-benefit ratio is inferior to a private sector alternative, reduces the general welfare of the people, rather than enhancing it.
6. Limit Taxation
Taxes reduce the incentives to work, save, and invest; thus reducing the supply of labor and capital, and thereby lowering the amount of investment and production. For every tax, there is a revenue maximizing rate; and when that rate is exceeded, government is left with less, rather than more, revenue. Taxes also reduce individual liberty by taking away the freedom to keep the fruit of one’s labor and capital.
7. Limit Government Regulation
Regulations almost always create costs, including the costs of loss of freedom; and if the benefits from the regulation do not exceed the costs, the people are worse off as a result of the regulation.
8. Remove Barriers to Business Formation
Entrepreneurs create most productive new jobs and many useful and desirable innovations. Government-imposed, costly, and time consuming restrictions on business formation unnecessarily reduce the number of new businesses, jobs, and innovation.
For entrepreneurs to legally form new businesses, including limited liability companies, there should be:
A. Clear Rules;
B. Low Fees;
C. and Minimal Time.
9. Encourage Ownership
People take better care of and manage real or intangible property better when they own it, whether it is a home, business, farm, pension, or medical savings account. Government policies that foster ownership lead to greater social stability and responsibility, which enhances the environment for investment, resulting in more economic growth.
10. Allow the Use of Sound Money
Stable money, which neither gains (deflates) or loses (inflates) value, is necessary to maximize economic growth. Unstable money (by adding to uncertainty) increases risks to businesses, workers, and consumers and results in lower levels of investment, job creation, and economic well-being. Governments which are unable to provide sound money should allow their citizens to use other government or privately produced monies (including gold and other commodities) for both transactions and contractual obligations.
Richard W. Rahn currently serves as Director General of the Center for Global Economic Growth, Washington D.C.
Richard W. Rahn is also a visiting fellow with the Heritage Foundation, an adjunct fellow of the Discovery Institute, and an adjunct scholar at the Cato Institute. In addition, he writes a weekly economic column for The Washington Times which appears in many other newspapers around the world. Dr. Rahn is a member of the Mont Pelerin Society.
In the 1980s, Dr. Rahn served as Vice President and Chief Economist of the Chamber of Commerce of the United States, Executive Vice President and Board member of the National Chamber Foundation, and as the editor-in-chief of the Journal of Economic Growth. In 1982, President Reagan appointed Dr. Rahn as a member of the Quadrennial Social Security Advisory Council. During the 1988 Presidential campaign, he served as an economic advisor to President G.H.W. Bush.
In the 1960’s and 70’s Professor Rahn taught at Florida State, George Mason, George Washington, and Rutgers Universities; and at the Polytechnic University of New York.
The lecture was presented at the Conservative Economic Quarterly Lecture Series (CEQLS) held by the Conservative Institute of M. R. ©tefánik in Bratislava on June 27, 2006.
The lecture is available as a video on infoNET.tv here.